INTRODUCTION TO ROME
rome is a truly monumental city. it is the capital of italy for a very long time, and was the capital of the roman empire until 476. according to legends, rome was founded 753 b.c. by romulus. over time, as the centre of the roman empire, it is regarded as the crucial birthplace of western civilization. it's often called "roma aeterna", i.e., the eternal city. rome was also the hub of advanced architecture, and essential buildings, such as the pantheon and the colliseum, plus temples, aqueducts and even roads ...
furthermore, rome is for a long time the core of christianity, and from the 6th century onwards the bishop of rome was called pope. rome eventually became the defacto capital of the papal state. much later, in 1929, vatican city was formally installed as an independent realm within the city of rome.
rome is situated along the river tiber, and its habour used to be ostia, about 35 km south-west; it's now civitaveccia, further north.
the "eternal rome" is truly crowded with 'must-see' features - just a few will be presented on the following pages, in five galleries.