the galleries for portugal have not yet been prepared and installed. below is a short introduction.
PORTUGAL - INTRO
the country portugal is located in south-west of europe, on the iberian peninsula. it has about 10 mio residents. the capital city is lisbon; the other large city is porto. the area was occupied by celts, carthago, roman empire and visigoths. after the muslim conquest of most of iberia in 726, portugal was part of arabic empires until 1249.
northern portugal had long belonged to the spanish kingdom of leon, yet in 1139 it became independent, and this is seen as the birth of portugal as a kingdom.
after the end of the muslim period, portugal eventually became a strong country, and in the 15th to 17th century is was a world power. this included to own large colonies, such as brazil, angola, mosambique, goa, malakka, timor, macao. yet all this ended in 1755 when a very strong earthquake destroyed half lisbon.
portugal is now a small country and has no outside areas anymore, except of the island of azores and madeira. however the portuguese language is still widely spoken, by about 250 mio people.
LISBON - MINI GALLERY
the city of lisbon, settled since the 2nd century b.c., is the capital of portugal since 1255, and the country's dominant place ever since.
its greatest time was from 1500 to 1700 - but in november 1755 a devastating earthquake destroyed about 2/3 of the buildings, and about 40000 residents died. lisbon was re-built, yet it lost its status as a powerful place.
nevertheless, it is full of stunning environments and urban facets, and thus a very exciting place for travellers - and less crowded than other famous cities!
the area "baixa" is were historic lisbon was destroyed and then rebuilt. the western suburb "belem", less devastated by the earthquake, is very rich of historic architecture.
a uniqe feature are the tiles, called "azulejos". they can be seen about everywhere, including whole house facades, and there is even a large museum about them.
this very large azulejos setting shows how lisbon emerged once the destroyed central area was rebuilt after the earthquake, and it contains historic buildings like the cathedral and the castle.
because of illness, i could not photograph as much as usual. therefore this lisbon gallery contains many images by other travellers.
anyway - there's no doubt what a precious target lisbon is. and exploring it in the old yellow trams is a special pleasure!