iceland is an island located near the arctic circle, between norway and greenland, thus europe's most northerly one. the population of this country is very small, about 330000 residents. the capital city is reykjavik. the settlement of iceland began in 874 a.d. when the norwegian ingolfr arnarson became the first staying settler. later many vikings from norway followed. originally the island was governed as an independent commonwealth under the "althing" - which means, one of the earliest legislative assemblies. my iceland voyage took place in 1981. in 2104 i gave reykjavik a second visit.